toolkit UNICEF-SUDA2014-XX758-Noorani


The toolkit has been organized into seven thematic areas. The links below give a more detailed description of what each section covers and how the tools can support your specific area of interest.

  1. Monitoring the enabling environment
  2. Monitoring national sanitation access
  3. Monitoring Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS)
  4. Monitoring equity
  5. Monitoring sustainability and sector performance
  6. Monitoring sanitation marketing
  7. Monitoring Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in schools

If you are trying to strengthen or develop a national Open Defecation Free (ODF) Protocol in support of a national sanitation programme, click here.

If you are looking at ways to support subnational-level benchmarking of a Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme, click here.

If you are initiating a sanitation marketing programme and need more guidance on how to measure progress, click here.

If you are interested in setting up a WASH bottleneck analysis tool (WASH-BAT) and would like to understand more about the tool, click here.

If you have general questions about the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP), how data are calculated and definitions of improved sanitation, click here.

The sanitation toolkit is currently in a beta format (pilot phase), designed to support the strengthening of sanitation programmes and to gather further insights into practitioner needs and required support. If there are areas which you are unable to locate on this site or for which additional guidance is needed, we’d like to hear from you. Click here to give feedback.

Topic descriptions

The website brings together current thinking and practice in monitoring sanitation across various topics. Each of the following topics contain links to current reports, protocols and tools that measure and analyse progress, outcomes and results of rural sanitation programmes, interventions and services.

Topic 1 Monitoring the enabling environment

This topic defines and explains the components of an enabling environment for sanitation and explains how this is monitored. Links and headline information are provided for the Country Status Overview (CSO), the WASH bottleneck analysis tool (WASH-BAT), the eThekwini commitments, the UN‑water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water (GLAAS), the monitoring of high-level meeting (HLM) commitments under Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) and the pan-African sector monitoring mechanism of the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW).

Topic 2 Monitoring national sanitation access

‘Sanitation access’ on this website means people using improved toilet facilities. This topic introduces the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) and addresses key issues in collecting and reconciling country data. It includes current definitions and gives tips for harmonizing national and international data.

Topic 3 Monitoring Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS)

This topic introduces different monitoring information and tools needed at the project/community, subnational, national, continental/regional and global levels. It raises key monitoring questions to be addressed and includes three priorities for monitoring.

Note: CATS is an umbrella term developed by UNICEF Sanitation practitioners in 2008 to encompass a wide range of community-based sanitation programming.

1. Monitoring the elimination of open defecation (OD)

This sub-topic covers key information about open defecation, the process towards eliminating it and declaring, verifying and certifying open defecation free (ODF) status. It provides links to global and national ODF protocols, indicators and tools. It includes a section on sustaining ODF and monitoring post-ODF certification.

2. Monitoring the disposal of children’s faeces

This sub-topic sets out reasons for the safe disposal of children’s faeces and reviews findings from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys(MICS)/Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) monitoring data across a range of countries. It explains the importance of standardized MICS/DHS responses as well as suggested indicators and strategies.

3. Monitoring handwashing with soap (HWWS)

This sub-topic explains why handwashing with soap is important, how it can be monitored and discusses which key handwashing indicators to monitor.

Topic 4 Monitoring equity

This topic defines equity and explains why is it important to monitor equity. It explains how Monitoring Results for Equity Systems (MoRES) works and provides links to suggested indicators for monitoring sanitation and handwashing with soap (HWWS) components of equity, using examples from various countries.

Topic 5 Monitoring sustainability and sector performance

This topic introduces the role of sector performance reviews, sustainability checks, monitoring ODF sustainability, and tools to assess sanitation service levels.

Topic 6 Monitoring sanitation marketing

This topic introduces current thinking in monitoring sanitation marketing initiatives and provides links to examples of indicators and results chains.

Topic 7 Monitoring WASH in Schools

This topic sets out the key elements and importance of WASH in Schools. With reference to the WASH in Schools Monitoring Package, the topic explains the challenges in the use of monitoring data and unpacks three modules: a module to be incorporated into national Education Monitoring Information Systems (EMISs), a survey module and a children’s monitoring module. It provides links to resources for monitoring WASH in Schools.